In the olden days of Bhutan, the country was ruled by many distinct poenlops and these poenlops fight for the power. Thus, the innocent people of the nation have to face internal wars almost for all the time. So on the process in the early part of the nineteenth century, Trongsa poenlop Jigme Namgyal was recognized to be the strongest poenlop across the country. Knowing the above fact, Gongsa Ugyen Wangchuk succeeded him after his death in 1881. Like his father, Gongsa Ugyen wangchuk was also very strong and powerful in the country. Ugyen Wangchuk had a dream; a dream of having stable and peaceful government. So realizing his dream of having a stable goverenment and peace in the country, Ugyen wangchuk with his men had to fight in the battle of Changlimithang (Thimphu) in the year 1885 and he proved to be the most powerful leader in the country.
Thus, Ugyen Wangchuk was unanimously elected as the first hereditary king of Bhutan in 1907 by the official administration, the monk body and the people of the country. Ugyen Wangchuk ruled the country till his death in 1926 followed by Jigme Wangchuk’s reign until 1952. The 1st and 2nd kings mainly focused their work in restoring political stability in the kingdom. The third king Jigme Dorji Wangchuk known as the “Father of Modern Bhutan” introduced process of modernization in the country. During his reign from 1952-1972, the then king worked tirelessly to improve the quality of life of his people and also the country became the member of United Nations. Hence in a line, Bhutan took a large step into the modern world during the reign of 3rd king.
After the death of 3rd king, Jigme singye Wangchuk became the 4th hereditary king of Bhutan in 1972 and he was the youngest monarch in the world. He continued to modernize the country and side-by-side he even preserved the rich culture and tradition of the country. Visualizing the importance of preserving and promoting country’s culture, tradition and religious heritage; the then monarch planned the development programs. The young and vigilant king ruled the country successfully for more than 20 years. One of the great achievements of the 4th king during his reign was introducing the philosophy of Gross National Happiness in his kingdom.