Bhutan is basically known to the outside world mainly due to its natural heritage and undisturbed biodiversity. It’s a seen fact that our country has a historical records; the record of getting the name ‘Menjong Drukyul’ (Valley of Medicinal Herbs) and moreover, the name is applicable to this days owing to its rich medicinal herbs. One thing to be kept in mind that at present 72.5 percent of our total land is covered with forest which comprises of diverse flora and fauna.
For decades and decades of years, the Bhutanese have safeguarded our pristine natural environment and even today we look upon it as the source of living. Though we have stepped into 21th century, we still carry our nature’s gift: the gift of undisturbed rich environment. We have lived in harmony with nature; we live in harmony with nature and will pass on this rich heritage to our posterity so that they will also enjoy the beauty of this gift.
Though Bhutan is progressing we do have a concern of our natural resources at the back of our mind and thus, the central theme of its development is maintaining a balanced natural ecosystem. To achieve something vital it’s necessary to sacrifice other thing but for framing the country’s development policies, we do keep in mind about our nature and hence, we never disregard sacrificing its natural resources for bringing out ort-term economic gains and we do look forward for sustainable development where we can conserve our rich environment and cultural values.
In the year 1998, due to the great diversity of flora and fauna, Bhutan was identified as one of the ten bio-diversity hot spots in the world. Later the country did sign the Convention on Biological Diversity and United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Rio de Janeiro (1992). The National Assembly further ratified these conventions at the 73rd session in 1995. The Government of Bhutan had also made a national commitment to safeguard its great flora and fauna to posterity by adopting a path of development called the “Middle Path” – this is the development path which can continue its development process along with preserving and promoting both environment and culture.